1. The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, in accordance with Article 62, paragraph 4, of the Charter of the United Nations, and with the provisions of General Assembly resolution 366 (IV) of 3 December 1949, decided, by resolution 1474 (XLVIII), to convene a conference of plenipotentiaries for the adoption of a Protocol on Psychotropic Substances.

2. The United Nations Conference for the Adoption of a Protocol on Psychotropic Substances met in Vienna from 1 1 January to 21 February 1971.

3. The following 71 States were represented by representatives at the Conference:

Algeria Ghana Panama
Argentina Greece Paraguay
Australia Guatemala Poland
Austria Guyana Portugal
Belgium Holy See Rep. of Korea
Brazil Honduras Rwanda
Bulgaria Hungary San Marino
Burma India South Africa
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Iran Spain
Cameroon Iraq Sweden
Canada Ireland Switzerland
Chile Israel Thailand
China Italy Togo
Colombia Japan Trinidad and Tobago
Congo (Dem. Rep. of) Lebanon Tunisia
Costa Rica Liberia Turkey
Denmark Luxembourg Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Dominican Rep. Mexico Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Ecuador Monaco United Arab Republic
El Salvador Netherlands United Kingdom
Fed. Rep. of Germany New Zealand United States of America
Finland Nicaragua Venezuela
France Norway Yugoslavia
Gabon Pakistan

4. The following States were represented by an observer at the Conference:

Czechoslovakia Romania
Republic of Vietnam Uruguay

5. The following specialized agency was represented at the Conference:

    World Health Organization

6. The following international body was represented at the Conference:

    International Narcotics Control Board

7. The following non-governmental organization was represented at the Conference:

    International Criminal Police Organization ICPO/INTERPOL by invitation in accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1474 (XLVIII).

8. General A. A. El Hadeka, Director of the Permanent Anti-Narcotics Bureau of the League of Arab States, at the invitation at the Conference, also attended in a personal capacity under Rule 39 of the rules of procedure.

9. In accordance with the resolution of the Economic and Social Council referred to in paragraph 1 and with the rules of procedure adopted by the Conference, the observers and the representatives of the above-mentioned organizations and bodies participated in the work of the Conference without the right to vote.

10. The Conference elected Mr. E. Nettel (Austria) as President, and as Vice-Presidents the representatives of the following States:

Brazil Turkey
Ghana Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
India United Arab Republic
Japan United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Mexico United States of America

11. Mr. V. Winspeare-Guicciardi was the representative of the Secretary General on the opening day of the Conference, being succeeded thereafter by Dr. V. Kuševic. The Executive Secretary of the Conference was Dr. V. Kuševic, the Legal Adviser was Mr. G. Wattles and the Deputy Executive Secretary was Mr. Ansar Khan.

12. The Conference had before it a draft Protocol on Psychotropic Substances prepared by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs of the Council, and other documentation prepared by the Secretary-General.

13. The Conference set up the following Committees:

General Committee
    Chairman: The President of the Conference

Technical Committee
    Chairman: Professor B. A. Rexed (Sweden)

Drafting Committee
    Chairman: Mr. D. Nikoli (Yugoslavia)

Committee on Control Measures
    Chairman: Dr. J. Mabileau (France)

Credentials Committee
    Chairman: Dr. P. A. Jennings (Ireland)

14. The Technical Committee established the following Ad hoc Working Group: 

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 2 (paragraphs 4 and 5) (Scope of control of substances)
    Chairman: Dr. H. El Hakim (United Arab Republic)

15. The Committee on Control Measures established the following Ad Hoc Working Groups: 

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 2 (paragraphs 7 and 8) (Scope of control of substances)
    Chairman: Mr. D. P. Anand (India)

Ad Hoe Working Group on Article 2 (bis) (Special provisions regarding the control of preparations)
    Chairman: Mr. D. E. Miller (United States of America)

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 4 (Limitation of use to medical and scientific purposes)
    Chairman: Dr. A. M. Walshe (Australia)

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 6 (Special provisions regarding substances in Schedule 1)
    Chairman: Mr. J. H. W. Hoogwater (Netherlands)

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 7 (Licences)
    Chairman: Mr. D. Nikoli (Yugoslavia)

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 8 (Prescriptions)
    Chairman: Dr. V. V. Olguin (Argentina)

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 10 (Records)
    Chairman: Mr. A. C. Kirca

Ad Hoc Working Group on Articles 11 and 12 (Provisions relating to international trade and Prohibition of and restriction on the import and export of psychotropic substances)
    Chairman: Mr. J. P. Bertschinger (Switzerland)

Ad Hoc Working Group on Article 14 (Reports to be furnished by Parties)
    Chairman: Mr. M. K. B. Asante (Ghana)

16. As a result of its deliberations, as recorded in the summary records of the Plenary and the Minutes of the Meetings of the General Committee and the Committee on Control Measures and the Reports of all the Committees, the Conference adopted and opened for signature the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971. In addition the Conference adopted three resolutions annexed to this Final Act.

DONE at Vienna, this twenty-first day of February, one thousand nine hundred and seventy one, in a single copy in the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages, each text being equally authentic. The original text shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the representatives have signed this Final Act.

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